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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2320/11427

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Title: Characteristics and outcome among patients suffering out-of-hospital cardiac arrest due to drowning.
Authors: Claesson, Andreas
Svensson, Leif
Silfverstolpe, Johan
Herlitz, Johan
Department: University of Borås. School of Health Sciences
Other
Issue Date: 2008
Journal Title: Resuscitation
ISSN: 0300-9572
Volume: 76
Issue: 3
Pages: 381-387
Publisher: Elsevier
Media type: text
Publication type: article, peer reviewed scientific
Content Note: artistic work
Subject Category: Subject categories::Medical and Health Sciences::Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology::Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology::Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Area of Research: Cardiac arrest due to drowning
Strategic Research Area: Integrated nursing science
Abstract: Abstract AIM: To describe the characteristics and outcome among patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) caused by drowning as compared with OHCA caused by a cardiac etiology (outside home). PATIENTS AND METHODS: All the patients included in the Swedish OHCA Registry between 1990 and 2005 which were not crew witnessed, in whom cardio-pulmonary resuscitation (CPR) was attempted, were evaluated for inclusion. Those caused by drowning were compared with those with a cardiac etiology (outside home). RESULTS: Patients with OHCA due to drowning (n=255) differed from patients with OHCA with a cardiac etiology (n=7494) as they were younger, less frequently suffered a witnessed OHCA, more frequently received bystander CPR and less frequently were found in a shockable rhythm. Patients with OHCA due to drowning had a prolonged ambulance response time as compared with patients with OHCA with a cardiac etiology. Patients with OHCA due to drowning had a survival rate to 1 month of 11.5% as compared with 8.8% among patients with OHCA due to a cardiac etiology (NS). Among patients with OHCA due to drowning, only one independent predictor of survival was defined, i.e. time from calling for an ambulance until the arrival of the rescue team, with a much higher survival among patients with a shorter ambulance response time. CONCLUSION: Among patients with OHCA 0.9% were caused by drowning. They had a similar survival rate to 1 month as compared with OHCA outside home with a cardiac etiology. The factor associated with survival was the ambulance response time; a higher survival with a shorter response time.
DOI: 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2007.09.003
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2320/11427
Sustainable development: sustainable development
Appears in Collections:Artiklar och rapporter / Articles and reports (EX)

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