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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2320/11462

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SpikbladVJ.pdfAbstract page90.1 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
AvhandlingVJ.pdfDoctoral dissertation in fulltext10.73 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
OmslagVJ.pdfCover page189.42 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
Title: A time and place for everything? : social visualisation tools and critical literacies
Authors: Johansson, Veronica
Department: University of Borås. Swedish School of Library and Information Science
Issue Date: 2012
Series/Report no.: Skrifter från Valfrid;52
Publisher: The Swedish School of Library and Information Science : The University of Borås
Media type: text
Publication type: doctoral thesis
Keywords: Critical literacy
Document perspektive
enactments of meaning
geographic information systems (GIS)
ICT
information activities
inscriptions
interaction
library and information science (LIS)
representation
social data
social visualisation tools
sociocultural perspective
Subject Category: Subject categories::Social Sciences::Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified::Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Research Group: LinCS
Area of Research: Library and information science
Strategic Research Area: Library and information science
Abstract: The aim of this study is to analyse mutual enactments of critical literacies and social visualisation tools as information resources. The central concept of critical literacies as used here extends and redefines prior critical literacy definitions to denote the pluralistic situated enactments of meaning through which study participants identify, question and transform bias, restrictions and power related aspects of access, control and use in relation to the tools. The study is based on two critical ethnography inspired case studies involving observations, interviews, and contextual inquiry and located in professional settings. Case 1 is centred on how a geographic information system (MapInfo) is used for analysing and preventing traffic accidents. Case 2 is centred on how a dynamic time series animating chart (Trendalyzer) is used for analysing and spreading knowledge about the world’s development. The results demonstrate co-existing critical literacies described in terms of three main directionalities as reactive, proactive, and adaptive, of which the adaptive varieties seem thus far largely overlooked. On the basis of these findings, it is suggested that dominant cognitivist and positivist narratives of visualisations should be replaced with more nuanced alternatives that emphasise the potentials of visualisation tools as evocative and non-blackboxed information resources; i.e., as encouraging new questions and allowing alternative analyses, rather than constructing them as enunciative tools providing true answers. As theoretical contributions, the dissertation argues for a conceptualisation of visualisation tools as representational artefacts and a species of documents actuating information organisation related problems of representation. It also presents a new theoretical construct for the analysis and understanding of the mutual shaping of critical literacies and information resources that includes both cultural practices and actor interests through a combination of sociocultural theories on tools and sociotechnical theories on inscriptions.
Description: Academic dissertation for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Library and Information Science at the University of Borås to be publicly defended on Friday 14 December 2012 at 13.00 in lecture room C203, the University of Borås, Allégatan 1, Borås.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2320/11462
ISBN: 978-91-978768-3-4
ISSN: 1103-6990
Sustainable development: -
Appears in Collections:Skrifter från Valfrid
Doktorsavhandlingar / Doctoral theses (BHS)

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