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|Title: ||The use of Virtual Reality for needle-related procedural pain and distress in children and adolescents in a paediatric oncology unit|
|Authors: ||Nilsson, Stefan R|
|Department: ||University of Borås. School of Health Sciences|
|Issue Date: ||2009|
|Journal Title: ||European journal of oncology nursing|
|Publisher: ||Churchill Livingstone|
|Media type: ||text|
|Publication type: ||article, peer reviewed scientific|
|Subject Category: ||Subject categories::Social Sciences Interdisciplinary::Nursing|
|Strategic Research Area: ||Integrated nursing science|
|Abstract: ||AIM: It is essential to minimize pain and distress during painful procedures in children. This study examined the effect of using non-immersive Virtual Reality (VR) during a needle-related procedure on reported pain or distress of children and adolescents in a paediatric oncology unit and surveyed their response to the use of VR-equipment during the procedure.
METHOD: Twenty-one children and adolescents were included in an intervention group with non-immersive VR and another 21 children and adolescents in a control group where they underwent either venous punctures or subcutaneous venous port devices. Self-reported pain and distress, heart rate and observational pain scores were collected before, during and after the procedures. Semi-structured qualitative interviews were conducted in conjunction with the completed intervention.
RESULTS: Self-reported and observed pain and distress scores were low and few significant differences of quantitative data between the groups were found. Two themes emerged in the analysis of the interviews; the VR game should correspond to the child and the medical procedure and children enjoyed the VR game and found that it did distract them during the procedure.
CONCLUSION: The interviews showed that non-immersive VR is a positive experience for children undergoing a minor procedure such as venous puncture or a subcutaneous venous port access.|
|Sustainable development: ||sustainable development|
|Appears in Collections:||Artiklar och rapporter / Articles and reports (EX)|
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