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Title: Children’s pain and distress while undergoing an acute radiographic examination
Authors: Björkman, Berit
Nilsson, Stefan R
Sigstedt, Bo
Enskär, Karin
Department: University of Borås. School of Health Sciences
Issue Date: 2012
Journal Title: Radiography
ISSN: 1078-8174
Volume: 18
Issue: 3
Pages: 191-196
Publisher: W.B. Saunders Co. Ltd.
Media type: text
Publication type: article, peer reviewed scientific
Subject Category: Subject categories::Social Sciences Interdisciplinary::Nursing
Strategic Research Area: Integrated nursing science
Abstract: Pain has been highlighted as a main concern for children in conjunction with an acuteradiographicexamination. The aim of this study was to further investigate children’spain and distress while undergoing an acuteradiographicexamination. The study comprised 29 participants with an age range of 5–15 years who were injured and submitted to an acuteradiographicexamination of the upper or lower extremity when the question at issue was fracture. The Coloured Analogue Scale (CAS) and the Facial Affective Scale (FAS) were used as self-reporting scales to measure the children’spain and distress. The Face, Legs, Activity, Cry and Consolability Behavioural scale (FLACC) was used as an observation tool to assess behaviours associated with pain in children. Descriptive statistics were used when analysing the scores, and the results showed that children experience pain and distress in conjunction with a radiographicexamination after an injury. Spearman’s correlation was used to compare variables, and significant correlations were obtained between the self-reported pain and the observed pain behaviour. Fischer’s Exact test was used to compare groups, and when using the cut-off 3.0 on the self-reporting scale no significant correlation was found concerning the pain reported by children diagnosed with and without a fracture. No significant correlations were found concerning the self-reported distress and pain either, regardless of whether it was a first-time visit and whether a parent was near during the examination.
DOI: 10.1016/j.radi.2012.02.002
Sustainable development: sustainable development
Appears in Collections:Artiklar och rapporter / Articles and reports (VHB)

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