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Title: The project organization as a policy tool in implementing welfare reforms in the public sector
Authors: Jensen, Christian
Johansson, Staffan
Löfström, Mikael
Department: University of Borås. School of Business and IT
Issue Date: 2012
Journal Title: The International Journal of Health Planning and Management
ISSN: 0749-6753
Volume: 28
Issue: 1
Pages: 122-137
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
Media type: text
Publication type: article, peer reviewed scientific
Keywords: implementation
policy tool
public sector
welfare reforms
Subject Category: Subject categories::Social Sciences Interdisciplinary::Health Care Service and Management, Health Policy and Services and Health Economy
Subject categories::Social Sciences::Economics and Business::Business Administration
Area of Research: Offentlig förvaltning
Strategic Research Area: Business and IT
Abstract: Organizational design is considered in policy literature as a forceful policy tool to put policy to action. However, previous research has not analyzed the project organization as a specific form of organizational design and, hence, has not given much attention to such organizations as a strategic choice when selecting policy tools. The purpose of the article is to investigate the project as a policy tool; how do such temporary organizations function as a specific form of organization when public policy is implemented? The article is based on a framework of policy implementation and is illustrated with two welfare reforms in the Swedish public sector, which were organized and implemented as project organizations. The case studies and the analysis show that it is crucial that a project organization fits into the overall governance structure when used as a policy tool. If not, the project will remain encapsulated and will not have sufficient impact on the permanent organizational structure. The concept of encapsulation indicates a need to protect the project from a potential hostile environment. The implication of this is that organizational design as a policy tool is a matter that deserves more attention in the strategic discussion on implementing public policies and on the suitability of using certain policy tools.
DOI: 10.1002/hpm.2120
Sustainable development: -
Appears in Collections:Artiklar och rapporter / Articles and reports (Business Administration)

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